I have said before I don’t like the British slang posts that circle tumblr. Not all of these slang words are used universally across the UK and some are probably out of date. So here is my list based on regions.
- Dutty- dirty
- Paralytic- drunk
- Baghead- idiot
- Traffic light party- dress according to relationship status
- Gange- weed
- Bitch/hissy fit- tantrum
- How’s your fettle- how’re you doing?
- Marra- friend
- yan tyan tethera methera- one, two, three, four
- Yous- plural form of you
- Owt- anything
- Nowt- nothing
- jammy- lucky
- Garn yam- going home
- Be reet- it’ll be alright
- Chuddy- chewing gum
- Tart- slut
- Brew -tea/coffee
- Buttie- sandwich,
- Tintanet- internet
Merseyside (Mainly Liverpool/Scouse words)
- Scouse- A person from Liverpool is (also, “a scouser”),
- Scatty- something dirty
- Gigs- (eye) glasses
- Kecks- Trousers
- Meff- someone who is dirty
- Ming/Minger- someone who is dirty
- Bizzies- Police
- Chippy- Fish and chip shop
- Divvy- Idiot
- Made up- Really happy
- Is right- “get in there” which I guess means “yay”
- Muzzy- “moustache”
- Pure- (adj) Very
- Doing my head in- annoying/frustrating me
- Swerve (that)- Stop that/something along the lines of “no I’m not doing that/let’s not do that”
- Cuppa- Cup of tea
- Butty/butties- sandwich/es
- Fuming- Extremely angry
- Boss- (adj) amazing
- As if- “I don’t believe it”, coming from “as if that’s true”
- Bevvy- Alcholic drink
- Blag- Lie
- Come ‘ed- “Come head” – offering a fight
- Geg (verb, usually followed by “in”, can be “gegging in”, “gegged in”, etc)- Join in on something (activity/conversation/etc. uninvited)
- Geg out- Usually said when telling somebody to butt out
- No nee- used as an exclamation of digust/disappointment (also “any need?”)
- Wool- (noun) somebody not from Liverpool but from the surrounding areas e.g. St Helens, Wigan, Warrington, etc.
- Plazzy scouser- (Plastic Scouser) somebody who claims to be Scouse when they’re not
- Soft lad- Friendly name for somebody who is being a bit dim
- Soz- Sorry
- Ye ma-Your mum
Midlands ( More Black country)
- Ar cor- I can’t
- I bay- I better not
- I day- I daren’t
- Barmy- Crazy
- Bab- pet name
- Babbee- Baby
- Plodging- to paddle in shallow water
- Canny- good
- Skumfished- hot or tired depending on region
- Ahaad- something caught fire
- Cannit- cannot
- Lowp- jump
- Stottie- round bread
- on your honkers- crouching
- Hinny- honey
- Divvent- do/did not
- Toon- town
- Bairn- child
- Hacky- dirty
- Peng’ - meaning attractive, fit, pretty
- Greb- emo
- Short Weekends- trousers that are too short
- Alllraiiiiight Me lover- alright my love
- Babber- baby
- Casn’t- can’t
- Gurt- very
- Kinave- can I have
- Rit- write
- Pitcher- picture
- Wheres Attoo? - where is that
- Brissle- Bristol
- init- isn’t it
- ‘Eck/heck - hell
- Bait- snack
- Beck- stream or brook.
- Belt- to hit/thrash
- Chuffed- happy
- Flaggin’- Tired
- Flummox - confused/puzzled
- Gaffer- boss
- Lug- pull or tug something or a tangle in hair.
- Mardy/mardy bum- moody/bad tempered
- Mind- watch out for
- Nowt- nothing
- ‘Ow do - how do you do?
- Owt - anything
- Pop- fizzy drink
- Reckon- think
- Reight- very
- Spell- splinter of wood
- Popped ‘is cloggs- died
- Duck- pet name
- Love- pet name
If your area wasn’t included or some slang wasn’t send it to me and I will edit it.
haberdashery \HAB-er-dash-uh-ree, noun:
1. a retail shop dealing in men’s furnishings, as shirts, ties, gloves, socks, and hats.
2. the goods sold there.On the next block were a construction company and a haberdashery with a display of denim pants, heavy overcoats, and wide-brimmed hats.
— Francine Rivers, Redeeming Love, 2009Jones suggested haberdashery; Robinson, guided by a strong idea that there is a more absolute opening for the advertising line in haberdashery than in any other business, assented.
— Anthony Trollope, The Struggles of Brown, Jones, and Robinson, 1862In what they probably knew was the false hope of keeping their heads above water in a foreign country, they went from door to door as itinerant pedlars, offering for sale hairpins and slides, pencils and writing paper, ties and other items of haberdashery, just as their ancestors had once walked the countryside of Galicia, Hungary, and the Tyrol with packs.
— W.G. Sebald, Austerlitz, 2001
This delightful-sounding word possibly comes to English from the Anglo-Norman hapertas meaning “small ware,” though the origin is unknown. Haberdashery first entered English in the early 1400s, though the term for the proprietor of this kind of shop or these kinds of goods, a haberdasher predates haberdashery by 100 years.
I came across a writer wanting advice when it comes to characters that wear glasses. They want to be realistic and write a main character that actually needs them and isn’t just wearing glasses because they’re a “nerd” or to make them look “smart”.
So I’m writing this to help answer their question, since I do wear glasses and I know the great and not so great things about wearing them.
People get glasses because they need them in order to see properly. Their eyesight is poor and they squint a lot because it’s a struggle to see things clearly. Just keep in mind that not every person’s eyesight is the same.
Some only need glasses to read. Others may need them because they are short sighted — myopia, which means that near objects are seen clearly without glasses but distant objects are blurred. The further away the object are, the more blurred they will be. While others need them because they are long sighted — hypermetropia/hyperopia, which refers to people who find it harder to see near objects but are better at seeing objects far away.
I’m near sighted. When I was younger I would have to sit in the front row because that was the only way I could see the black board clearly. Sometimes when I had to sit in the back I would ask a classmate near me if I could copy their notes and they would kindly let me see it.
I knew I needed glasses but I was reluctant to get them until my eyesight started to become a bigger problem for me: it was interfering with my education. The first time I got them I was surprise at how clear and detail everything was. It was like watching a HD television after being so use to the basic crappy and blurry television.
Everyone’s first time wearing glasses is like that, being amazing at the clarity in their eyesight. Of course, every first timer is also told by the Optometrist that it takes some time for their eyes to adjust to wearing glasses and getting use to wearing them. That is why people get a headache when using them because their eyes are trying to get use to not being overwork anymore. They could finally relax now that you have glasses.
Now, what many don’t know is that there are some pros and cons to wearing glasses just as there is for many things in life. Some people like to wear contacts instead of glasses while others prefer it the other way around, and then there are those that use both for different situations.
- Glasses can be irritating for the ears and nose.
- They fog up.
- Not ideal to be wearing for sports or certain activities (such as roller coasters, bungee jumping, swimming, martial arts, skydiving, kissing, paintball, etc.)
- They can slide off, especially when looking down.
- Peripheral vision is distorted.
- They can be easily smudge.
- Rain and/or snow will make it difficult to see.
- You have to buy a prescription sunglasses if you want your eyes protected from the sun, especially when driving. Note: Transitions lenses don’t change in the car because the windshield blocks UV rays.
- Hard to fit under 3D glasses, ski goggles, sunglasses and lab glasses.
- Glasses give off a reflection and glare, especially at night (unless you have an anti-reflection coating).
- Fear that they’ll break while you’re wearing them and have pieces of it damage your eyes/face.
- It’s a bit difficult to put on makeup with glasses on.
- Depending on the glasses, they can’t be worn with certain hats
- They last longer.
- Easy to put on.
- Easy to find then contacts.
- Makes a person look sophisticated.
- There are many designs and style of glasses to choose from.
- Can correct astigmatism better.
- They don’t have to be constantly clean like contacts do (and it’s cheaper to clean, as well as easier to do).
- Objects that would damage eyes can often bounce off glasses (such as a pebble).
- They don’t require frequent replacement purchases, and are cheaper in the long run.
- They pose zero risk for infection or eye irritation.
- If in an emergency they can be use to start a fire.
Your Character and Glasses
Now when it comes to writing about a character that wear glasses keep in mind why they need them and what kind of glasses do they have. Is the frame and style of their glasses Wayfarer, Aviator, Cat-eye, Round, Square, Rectangle, Rounded, Oval or Wrap? Maybe they can’t afford the more stylish frames so they have to get a basic version of one of those? Also, keep in mind the shape of the character’s face because one of the main factors of knowing which glasses to get is knowing what frame can compliment their face.
+ Square Faces - Recommend oval and round frames. Glasses with temples that are center set or that connect at the top of the frame. Butterfly shaped glasses. Avoid geometric and square shaped frames, as well as low-set temples or color accents on the bottom of the frames that draw emphasis to the chin.
+ Oval Faces - Recommend square, rectangular and geometric shapes which add angles to soft curves. Avoid frames that are too large for your features..
+ Oblong Faces - Recommend tall frames help create a shorter face. Broad glasses with an accented top rim or decorative temple that adds width. Avoid small frames that are out of proportion and short frames that accentuate face length.
+ Round Faces - Recommend angular and geometric frames that sharpen facial features. Rectangular and horizontal styles makes faces appear longer and thinner. Upswept frames that draw attention to top of face. Glasses with temples that connect at the top of the frame add length. Avoid small frames that are out of proportion and short frames that accentuate face length.
+ Diamond Faces - Recommend upswept styles like cat eyes that emphasize the cheek bones. Oval frames that maintain balance and rimless styles that allow cheek bones to shine. Avoid narrow frames that draw attention to narrow eye line.
+ Heart Faces - Recommend bottom-heavy frames that add width to lower face. Styles with low-set temples to draw attention downward. Narrow, round frames that soften the forehead. Avoid top-heavy styles that draw attention upward. Decorative temples that accentuate the broad upper face.
+ Triangle Faces - Recommend semi-rimless frames that accentuate the upper face. Top-heavy styles styles that balance the width of the jaw. Frame bottoms that angle inward. Avoid low-set temples that widen the jaw and narrow frames that are out of proportion.
Be Aware Of Your Characters That Wear Glasses
Most writers tend to forget that there are issues that those specific characters can face because they wear glasses. For example, what if your character is cooking a stew? As they are stirring the pot it wouldn’t be surprising to see that their glasses start to fog up, causing them to be temporarily blind until they move away. Or maybe it’s raining and it’s making it difficult for them to see things clearly?
Another thing that all people with glasses experience is that they sometimes can’t see where they put their glasses when they took them off, even if it’s out in plain view. They either find someone to help them or they have to pat around to find them.
Also, if a character was transported into an alien world where eyeglasses are unheard of then don’t be surprise that they’ll attract attention for wearing them. It’s not just the character with glasses that you have to keep in mind but the characters around them as well. How would they react to your character? Are they the type that like to try on people’s glasses? Do they find the glasses the character is wearing strange because nothing like it exist in their society/world/time period?
What if your character is learning how to fight with swords, daggers or any other type of weapon? Glasses can sometimes get in the way when it comes to certain activities. If a character had to roll on the ground to get away from a swipe of a sword, they can loose their glasses like that. Or their glasses can get knock off and break. It also gets in the way if they had to swim.
Is your character absent minded? Or are their glasses so lightweight that they forget they are even wearing them? If so, then they might have a habit of forgetting they are still wearing their glasses when they are about to shower or go for a swim. Is your character always aware of their own glasses, so much that they put their glasses away when they’re doing activities that can cause them to break? Did they learn how to fight or do things by relying on their other senses because they can’t always use their eyesight knowing that it’s poor?
There’s a reason why I listed the pros and cons for wearing glasses. It’s moments like that, where the writer has to keep in mind about their characters that wear glasses. It’s not only realistic but another way to bring your character to life. It allows the readers who don’t wear glasses to understand more about those that do and those who do wear them to feel a connection with that character, sympathizing with them.
The same can be said for those that wear contacts lenses. So here’s the pros and cons for them. And remember to keep in mind if your character wears them when you write your story.
- Need to learn how to put them on and to take them off.
- Needs to be cleaned regularly.
- Can’t sleep with them in.
- Hard to find if lost.
- Can’t open eyes completely underwater.
- Can cause irritability in smoky rooms.
- Can be costly buying contacts and solutions.
- Need to renew prescription yearly.
- Can be easily tear if not careful.
- The eyes can become dry out when wearing them.
- It can cause damage to the eye if a speck of dirt is between the lens and the surface of your eye.
- They get uncomfortable after wearing them for a long time.
- Beware of getting an infection if lenses aren’t clean properly.
- People who have a history record of recurrent severe allergic reactions or eye infections may not be suitable to wear contact lenses.
- Can’t wear if the environment is dirty or dusty.
- Need to be careful when putting makeup on, especially the eye makeup.
- No one can tell you’re wearing contacts (it offer natural eyesight without distortion, glare, or poor peripheral vision).
- No additional weight on your face, and no readjusting like you have to so with glasses.
- Perfect for sports and other activities.
- Can customize the contacts by making them colored
- The field of view is larger
- No fogging
- They will not fall off easily.
- Can still see if it’s raining or snowing.
- Easier to put on makeup.
We had a lot of questions about this a couple of days ago. This may help.
blindinglybeautifulsociopath: I sent this in before but do you have any references or resources for writing for an aristocrat and/or Victorian woman?
Hi! Sorry we are only just getting to you, we have a lot of asks at the moment and I think we are all busy in the outside world! :)
So great question I don’t know much about the Victorian era except what I’ve seen on tv.
From 1837-1901 during the reign of Queen Victoria. Because this is such a large period of time fashions and the life of aristocrats will have changed dramatically over the time period. So I will provide links but look especially at the dates so it corresponds with when you want your novel to be set.
Great Social Divide
This was the time when industry was booming and the rich were becoming very rich. The poor were becoming poorer and poorer living in slums in the inner city with pollution rife and open sewers. During this time a lot of people moved from the country to the crowded towns.
More women than men
There were more women than men (4% more). The 1851 census showed that the population of Great Britain was roughly 18 million; this meant that roughly 750,000 women would remain unmarried simply because there were not enough men. These women came to be referred to as “superfluous women” or “redundant women”, and many essays were published discussing what, precisely, ought to be done with them.[x]
Fashion changed a lot during this period. One of the most interesting things is the ‘fashion rules’ for mourning in which a widow was expected to wear black for a certain period of time due to etiquette.
Victorian era: Fashion (This has drawings of what each layer looks like)
Just to finish
Hope this helps!
“This isn’t strictly a tutorial, but rather a step by step for a recent city map. I’ve been doing some city design recently for Rhune: Dawn of Twilight, and got the okay from Jaye Sonia to post some work in progress shots.”
WriteWorld Note: Looking for a step by step guide on how to create cities for your story? Check out Jon Roberts’ City Design Walkthrough for tons of tips and tricks on the mechanics of city creation. This is a great tutorial for both writers as well as visual artists. Remember, visualizing each piece of a city individually can help you develop your setting in more detail and keep you from feeling overwhelmed. Get to it!
“It is as beautiful as it is rare. A frost flower is created on autumn or early winter mornings when ice in extremely thin layers is pushed out from the stems of plants or occasionally wood. This extrusion creates wonderful patterns which curl and fold into gorgeous frozen petioles giving this phenomenon both its name and its appearance.”